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北京市四合院的保护与利用.rar

资料分类:经济学院 高级会员(艾薇儿)提供原创论文资料更新时间:2016-07-08
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摘要:虽然多年呼吁保护四合院, 但也希望能尽快迁出四合院。从各种角度讲, 四合院不可大拆, 只需加以整治.整治的原则应是全面改善百姓的生活, 使四合院得以长久保存。研究制定不同区域内的四合院危房维修、改造、保护和利用方案。在北京旧城内,对不同地域的四合院建筑应有不同的保护要求,如:处于旧城中心区的四合院与城市边缘地带的四合院、历史文化街区的四合院与一般传统平房的四合院建筑,因在历史名城的不同地域中发挥着不同的影响与作用,因此在保护上要有不同的要求。一般来讲,因地域上的差异,对全市四合院的保护标准与方式不搞一刀切,特别是对旧城内的40片历史传统街区的四合院,要严格按照历史街区保护管理的有关规定,不得拆除、改建原有的传统建筑。对年久失修的危破房屋的修缮,要采用传统材料和工艺,按其建筑原状维修并保持和恢复其传统外观。而对于一般平房区内四合院建筑的维修,一般不做纯复古式.的要求,在其建筑内,除可增建卫生间、厨房及各种市政设施外,还可以充分利用地下空间,增建地下室等。在院落的利用上,可在不影响建筑格局和区域景观的前提下,可以营建下沉式院落或增加庭院式罩棚等等,以满足和适应不同使用功能的需要。

关键词: 四合院  保护  利用

 

Abstract:Despite years of calls for the protection courtyard, but also want to move out as soon as possible courtyard. From a variety of perspective, the courtyard is not large-scale demolition, only to remediation. Rectification principle should be an overall improvement in people's lives, so long courtyard to be saved. Development of different regions of the courtyard dangerous maintenance, alteration, protection and utilization programs. Old City in Beijing within the courtyard of the building in different regions should have different protection requirements, such as: the courtyard in the old city center and urban fringe areas of the courtyard, historical and cultural blocks traditional cottage with courtyard courtyard building, because in history Cities in different regions with different effects play a role, and therefore have different requirements on protection. In general, because of regional differences, the standard the city courtyard and means of protection across the board not to engage in, especially on old historical tradition within the 40 blocks of the courtyard, the Historic Districts should be in strict accordance with the relevant provisions of the management shall not be removed converted the original traditional architecture. Dilapidated housing on the risk of breaking the repair, to using traditional materials and processes, repair and maintain their buildings intact and restore its traditional appearance. As for the general maintenance of the building courtyard cottage area, generally do not do plain old-fashioned.'s Request, in their building, in addition to additional bathroom, kitchen and various municipal facilities, but also can make full use of underground space, build the basement and so on. The use of the courtyard, and can not affect the building structure and the regional landscape of the premise, you can build or increase the sunken courtyard courtyard tent, etc., to meet and adapt to the needs of different functions. 

Keywords: courtyard   protect   utilize

 

论文资料贡献者对本文的描述:对年久失修的危破房屋的修缮,要采用传统材料和工艺,按其建筑原状维修并保持和恢复其传统外观。而对于一般平房区内四合院建筑的维修,一般不做纯复古式.的要求,在其建筑内,......
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