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中国晚清以的教学方法的研究_英语论文.doc

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Abstract:With the development of globalization and frequent trade between countries, bilingual speakers who are both academic professionals and language specialists, are in need in various sectors. Under this circumstance, CBI has been increasingly studied recently. However, this kind of instruction has already existed in missionary schools and new type schools in Late Qing Dynasty. Similar to CBI, they instructed special academic subjects in foreign language, viewing language as a medium for learning the content of professional technology. It was of great importance in the cultivation of bilingual professionals.

Aiming at the study on the typical features of this education in Late Qing Dynasty, this thesis begins with academic background of CBI in Late Qing Dynasty. To present a detailed analysis, a case study of Foochow Naval Academy follows, including the study of its background, curriculums, teachers and students, distinctive features in instruction, assessment and achievements. Based on historical materials, domestic and foreign studies of CBI, it comes to the conclusion that CBI did exit in Late Qing Dynasty and proved rather effective in language application and developing professional capacity. As a pioneer in bilingual cultivation, its success lied in the emphasis that education was a combined learning of school education and practicum, and Chinese was as important as English. 

The purpose of this dissertation is to bring forth some valuable implications in the theoretical studies and practical application of CBI in China.

Key words: CBI; Late Qing Dynasty; bilingual professionals; practicum

 

摘要:随着经济全球化的深入,具备专业知识的双语人才是各行业,乃至当今社会的需求。CBI教学法既符合我国对复合人才的培养,也顺应这一需求,正为我国教育界广泛研究。但实际上,在一百多年前的清朝末年,我国经已采用,并用外语来传授“西学”。

本题旨在研究具有本国特色的CBI在晚清的教学模式及其特点,先从整体上分析晚清CBI教学的产生和发展,以福州船政学堂为例,从背景、课程设置、教师素质、学生素质、教学方法、考核方式及其教学成效,进行分析。借助史料以及国内外CBI的研究成果进行探讨,得出CBI教学法在晚清确为国人所用,在语言运用和专业学科学习上都卓见成效;教学上坚持理论与实践相结合的原则,厂校结合,并强调除外语以外的汉语学习,培养了一批既懂外语又懂国学的新式人才。

希望本文的写作对日后国内CBI的研究和教学上的运用有一定的借鉴作用

关键词: CBI;晚清;双语人才;实践课程

论文资料贡献者对本文的描述:In contrast to traditional foreign language education, Content-Based Instruction caters to the requirement of cultivating bilingual professionals. It takes into consideration subject matters while developing language proficiency, and abandon......
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