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浅谈爵士鼓在爵士乐中的运用.doc

资料分类:音乐舞蹈 高级会员(雨橙)提供原创论文资料更新时间:2016-01-06
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摘要:在不到一个世纪的时间内,这种名叫爵士乐的音乐,具有显著美国特色的音乐从默默无闻、起源于民间的音乐发展成为美国本土产生的最有份量的艺术种类。如今在全世界几乎每个角落都有人聆听和演奏它。爵士乐以如此众多的形式出现,而且每一种形式都相当重要,都保持了自己的特色及独具的魅力而流传至今。如果要欣赏各种爵士乐,体会其中种种乐趣,就不能不需要拥有开放的态度,兼容并听。

  爵士鼓(JAZZDRUMS)起源于美国。它是一套以鼓为主的组合性打击乐器。由一人演奏始时专为爵士乐伴奏。是爵士乐队中十分重要的一种无音高打击乐器,它通常由一个脚踏的低音大鼓(Bass Drum,又称“底鼓”)、一个军鼓、二个以上嗵嗵鼓(Tom-Tom Drum)、一个或两个吊镲(Ride Cymbal)和一个带踏板的踩镲(Hi-Hat)等部分组成。鼓手用鼓锤击打各部件使其发声。爵士乐中常用的鼓锤有两种,一种是木制的鼓棒,另外一种是由钢丝制成的钢丝刷。

  在乐队中鼓手掌握着乐曲的速度和节奏等重要环节,尤其是在爵士乐中,鼓手特别需要与其他乐手保持良好的合作状态,把握爵士乐曲中的节奏和感觉,另外在爵士乐中,鼓音色的控制、力度的控制以及速度的控制都是体现鼓手技巧的重要因素。

关键词:  爵士乐  爵士鼓  节奏

 

Abstract:In less than a century of time, this kind of music, called jazz has remarkable characteristic of music from obscurity American folk music, originated in the development becomes the native American produce most prestigious art types. Now in the world almost every corner someone listening and play it. Jazz with so many forms, and each kind of form are quite important and retain its own features and unique charm and circulates. If you want to enjoy all kinds of jazz, experience including various fun, it must needs have open attitude, compatibility and listen. 

 Jazzdrums Soriginated in the United States.  It is a set of mainly by the combination of drums of percussion. When played by one beginning specially for jazz accompaniment. Is very important in jazz band a no pitch percussion, it is usually the Bass Drum by a foot (Bass Drum, also called "the Bass Drum"), a Tom-Tom Drum then crackling, more than two Drum (Tom - Tom Drum), one or two crane boom (Cymbal) and a take one step on tablets (Hi - the Hat) components. The drummer drum hammer smote with components make its voice. Jazz drum hammer commonly used in two kinds, one kind is made of wood GuBang, additionally one kind is made by steel wire brush. 

 In the group drummer holds the music's speed and rhythm, and other important link, especially in jazz drummer special needs, with other musicians to maintain good state cooperation, grasp of rhythm and jazz songs feeling, in addition in jazz, drums, the control of the strength of the tone of the control and speed control is the important factors embodied the drummer skills. 

Keywords: Jazz  Jazzdrums  Rhythm   play method 

 

论文资料贡献者对本文的描述:在乐队中鼓手掌握着乐曲的速度和节奏等重要环节,尤其是在爵士乐中,鼓手特别需要与其他乐手保持良好的合作状态,把握爵士乐曲中的节奏和感觉,另外在爵士乐中,鼓音色的控制......
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