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论我国民事诉讼调解制度的完善.DOC

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摘要:民事诉讼调解制度在我国民事诉讼体系中有着重要的作用,它能及时化解矛盾、维护社会稳定、节约司法资源、促进经济发展,但在制度设计层面上的调审合一的模式、要求事实清楚与分清是非的规定和赋予当事人反悔权等方面存在着问题,导致强制调解的情况时有发生和调解协议没有强制力等。同时在司法操作层面上也存在着如程序法约束不规范、片面强调调解结案率产生调解的偏好与法官必须保持中立的职业道德相悖。本文通过对我国现行民事诉讼调解制度的优势和弊端进行分析,提出完善民事诉讼调解制度的具体设想,让民事诉讼调解制度在我国发挥更大的作用。

关键词:调解;民事诉讼调解;意思自由;调审分立

 

Abstract:Civil action mediation system has an important role in the civil lawsuit system in China,it can resolve conflicts in time, maintain social stability,save judicial resources,and plays a great role in promoting economic development.But there are still some problems in the following aspects: the syncretism mode of mediation and trial in the system design level,the rules of making the facts clearly and distinguishing between right and wrong,and giving the parties the right of rescission.These problems may lead to the issues of frequent mandatory conciliation,no force mediation agreement,etc.In the meantime,in the judicial operation, some problems also exist:  non-standard procedural law,one-sided emphasis on mediation completion rates and preference for mediation which is contrary to the concept that professional ethics of judges must be neutral.This article analyses the advantages and disadvantages of the existing civil action mediation system,and puts forward specific ideas of perfecting the civil action mediation system,hoping to make civil action mediation system to play a greater role.

Key words: mediation;civil action mediation;freedom of consciousness; separation of control

 

论文资料贡献者对本文的描述:在司法操作层面上也存在着如程序法约束不规范、片面强调调解结案率产生调解的偏好与法官必须保持中立的职业道德相悖。本文通过对我国现行民事诉讼调解制度的优势和弊端进行分......
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